Pathogenesis and contemporary diagnoses for lateral hip pain: a scoping review

Review written by Dr Ebonie Rio info

Key Points

  1. Lateral hip pain is a common presentation in clinical practice.
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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE

Lateral hip pain is commonly reported in clinical practice (1). The lateral compartment of the hip can be defined as the space between the greater trochanter (GT) of the femur and the tensor fascia latae (TFL) (2). Extra-articular endoscopy is a novel surgical technique that has been used by surgeons to assess and manage presentations of the peri-trochanteric space (3).

The authors of this study aimed to present an evidence-based update on the regional anatomy and the relevant literature focusing only on the pathoanatomy, clinical assessment and diagnosis of pathology in the peri-trochanteric space.

The lateral compartment of the hip can be defined as the space between the greater trochanter of the femur and the tensor fascia latae.
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Both GTPS and abductor muscle tears are more likely in the 5th decade of life.

METHODS

The authors completed a PubMed search with no limitation placed on search date. Keywords included terms such as: greater trochanteric pain syndrome, external snapping hip syndrome, gluteus medius tear and trochanteric bursitis.

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