Double-leg and single-leg jump test reference values for athletes with and without anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction who play popular pivoting sports, including soccer and basketball: a scoping review

Review written by Dr. Adam Loiacono info

Key Points

  1. Consolidated jump test reference values aid in assessing return to sport readiness in athletes, especially those recovering from anterior cruciate ligament repair.
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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE

Jump tests are widely recognized as effective tools for assessing rehabilitation progress and readiness to return to sport (RTS), particularly after injuries such as anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Research has demonstrated varying injury mechanisms and risk factors in sports, necessitating tailored assessment methods for accurate monitoring and prevention strategies (1). Given the higher incidence of ACL injuries and the subsequent need for precise, goal-oriented rehabilitation, especially among female athletes, establishing normative jump test values becomes crucial (2).

These values facilitate the assessment of an athlete’s post-injury functionality compared to healthy counterparts and ensure that RTS decisions are data-driven and aligned with the athlete’s actual physical readiness, thereby minimizing the risk of re-injury (3).

This scoping review aimed to synthesize and provide comprehensive reference values for double-leg and single-leg jump tests among athletes, enhancing clinical assessments and supporting effective rehabilitation outcomes.

Research has demonstrated varying injury mechanisms and risk factors in sports, necessitating tailored assessment methods for accurate monitoring and prevention strategies.
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Clinicians can use the reference values in this paper to make informed decisions about the timing and extent of an athlete’s return to play which could reduce the risk of re-injury.

METHODS

The authors conducted a scoping review, adhering to the PRISMA-ScR guidelines. They included studies that provided reference values for double-leg and single-leg jump tests in athletes with and without ACLR. The search was comprehensive, covering databases like PubMed, MEDLINE, and

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