How effective is an evidence-based exercise intervention in individuals with patellofemoral pain?

Review written by Tom Goom info

Key Points

  1. This observational study tested a 6-week exercise programme based on a recent consensus statement on 27 individuals with patellofemoral pain.
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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE

Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is one of the most common causes of anterior knee pain seen in the clinic. In 2015, a group of experts on PFP met for the International Patellofemoral Pain Research Retreat. They produced a consensus statement on the management of PFP that included guidance on exercise therapy, taping, orthoses and combined interventions (1).

This study aimed to investigate a multi-modal rehab programme based on these guidelines. The authors hypothesized that a 6-week exercise programme would improve pain, function, kinesiophobia and running biomechanics, as well as quadriceps strength and inhibition.

Patellofemoral pain is one of the most common causes of anterior knee pain seen in the clinic.
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Improvement in symptoms may not require significant increases in strength and may be explained by other changes such as graded return to function, reduced kinesiophobia, or decreased muscle inhibition.

METHODS

This study had an observational design. 27 participants with PFP were recruited that fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Multiple outcome measures were taken at baseline and after the 6-week exercise intervention. These included:

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