Kinematic and kinetic gait characteristics in people with patellofemoral pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Review written by Tom Goom info

Key Points

  1. People with Patellofemoral Pain (PFP) tend to walk and run more slowly, with lower cadence and stride length and increased contralateral pelvic drop.
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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE

Patellofemoral Pain (PFP) is thought to be a multi-factorial condition that requires a multi-modal approach to treatment (1). Walking and running gait characteristics have been considered in the development of PFP due to their potential to influence patellofemoral joint load. Systematic reviews have examined these factors but have limitations such as not including subgrouping in their analysis and not incorporating more recent research (published since these reviews).

The authors of this study sought to review the evidence for biomechanical variables during walking and running in people with PFP (or those that develop it) compared to pain-free controls.

Patellofemoral Pain is thought to be a multi-factorial condition that requires a multi-modal approach to treatment.
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A 10% increase in step rate rapidly improved pain and function in runners with patellofemoral pain.

METHODS

  • A systematic review of the literature was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) statement with minor deviations from the protocol.
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