DIFFERENT WAYS TO BALANCE THE SPINE IN SITTING: MUSCLE ACTIVITY IN SPECIFIC POSTURES DIFFERS BETWEEN INDIVIDUALS WITH AND WITHOUT A HISTORY OF BACK PAIN IN SITTING

Review written by Robin Kerr info

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE

This exploratory EMG study compared the trunk muscle activation patterns adopted by male subjects with a history of low back pain (LBP) provoked by prolonged sitting in 4 specific sitting postures. A previous EMG study by the lead author was performed on 14 pain-free male subjects in 2009 to which a qualitative comparison of the current findings was performed.

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METHODS

Subjects were 10 males with a history of LBP provoked by sitting 1-2 hours (av. age 25; height 178cm; weight 74kg). Fine wire (+/- surface) EMG data were collected from lumbar multifidus (superficial + deep), iliocostalis (lateral +medial), longissimus thoracis and transversus abdominis in the following 4 controlled stool sitting postures:

  • Slump (kyphotic thoraco-lumbar -> sacrum)
  • Flat (thoraco-lumbar & L/S)
  • Long lordosis (extended thoraco-lumbar and L/S)
  • Short lordosis (thoracic kyphosis + L/S lordosis)

EMG amplitudes were compared between postures in the LBP group, and between pain-free and LBP groups.

RESULTS

Muscle Activity Between Postures in LBP Group:

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