Effects of lifestyle interventions on the improvement of chronic non-specific low back pain: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

Review written by Ben Cormack info

Key Points

  1. Lifestyle interventions can be effective for chronic low back pain.
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Chronic non-specific low back pain (CNSLBP) is the largest musculoskeletal issue world-wide. It results in high levels of related disability that can have a dramatic socioeconomic impact on both the individual and at a wider societal level. Current tissue-based interventions are not proving to be effective at reducing this, so a wider perspective on potential causes and treatments should be a research priority.

One promising area of interventional research is how systemic health and lifestyle may contribute to decreasing back pain and the related disability that can occur. This considers the current paradigm that back pain is a biopsychosocial problem that encompasses a wide range of potential contributors (1).

The aim of this systematic review and network meta-analysis was to examine which lifestyle interventions could lead to better improvements in pain intensity and functional disability in people suffering from CNSLBP.

Chronic non-specific back pain is the largest musculoskeletal issue world-wide.
The time and effort that is required from clinicians and patients regarding lifestyle interventions does pay off!


  • This paper employed a systematic review with a meta-analysis design.
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