Effects of non-pharmacological interventions on sleep in chronic low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Review written by Dr Sarah Haag info

Key Points

  1. Decreased sleep and increased pain is a common clinical presentation.
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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE

Low back pain is the leading cause of disability worldwide and will impact as much as 80% of the worldwide population. People with chronic low back pain (CLBP) frequently experience sleep impairments, such as poor sleep quality, difficulties falling asleep, and reduced sleep satisfaction.

This systematic review aimed to consolidate the evidence on the effects of different types of non-pharmacological interventions on sleep, specifically in adults with CLBP, and the concurrent impact on pain intensity and back-related disability.

Low back pain is the leading cause of disability worldwide and will impact as much as 80% of the worldwide population.
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It is important to understand that pain and sleep are related and that if a person is not sleeping well, interventions for pain may seem less effective.

METHODS

  • This review included peer-reviewed journal articles published in English only.
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