Positive lifestyle behaviours and emotional health factors are associated with low back pain resilience

Review written by Dr Sandy Hilton info

Key Points

  1. Positive changes in behaviour and lifestyle choices can improve functional outcomes despite the presence of low back pain (LBP).
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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE

Low back pain (LBP) remains the largest global cause of years lived with disability. Of those who experience LBP up to two-thirds of people report persistent pain a year later (1). There is a need to identify how to relieve the years of suffering associated with LBP. Resilience is a dynamic process of adaptation/adjustment that includes either recovery or a sustainability of function in the absence of recovery.

The authors aimed to evaluate resilience through assessment of the relationship of lifestyle behaviours and emotional health on recovery and sustainability of function despite having LBP.

Of those who experience low back pain, up to two-thirds of people report persistent pain a year later.
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This study demonstrates that targeting lifestyle behaviours and emotional health factors improve the sustainability of people with LBP to function better despite the pain.

METHODS

  • This study was a retrospective longitudinal study from the Washington State Twin Registry (n=1,065 twins).
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