Are measures of physical function of the neck region associated with poor prognosis following a whiplash trauma? A systematic review

Review written by Dr Sarah Haag info

Key Points

  1. Neck strength and range of motion were not predictive of poor prognosis following whiplash trauma.
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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE

Whiplash is one of the most common injuries caused by motor vehicle accidents. Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) is a variety of clinical symptoms that may develop following a whiplash injury.

The objective of this systematic review was to update and summarize the role of objective measures of neck physical function (PF) or self-reported measures of PF that have been used in prognostic research following a whiplash injury. It also aimed to synthesize and assess the overall quality of evidence on the predictive ability of these factors for neck pain and disability in individuals following a whiplash injury.

Whiplash is one of the most common injuries caused by motor vehicle accidents.
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High levels of catastrophizing and other mental health comorbidities have been found to impact the prognosis of people with whiplash associated disorder.

METHODS

  • This systematic review was done following guidelines from Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses (PRISMA), the Cochrane Back Review Group guidelines, and the Cochrane handbook.
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