- This systematic review examined the relationship between biomechanical and musculoskeletal risk factors and running-related injury in non-elite runners.
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE
Knowing what causes an injury may help us to prevent it. This is thought to be true in running-related injury (RRI) and has led to multiple studies examining risk factors. Despite this research we still don’t have a clear picture to base injury prevention or management on. Recent systematic reviews have found limited evidence to support a link between RRI and strength, control, flexibility, alignment, running biomechanics or training changes (1,2,3).
This systematic review aimed to evaluate biomechanical and musculoskeletal risk factors for RRI in non-elite adult runners and complete a meta-analysis.
Individual factors in isolation may show little relationship to running injury development, but multiple factors may interact to increase injury risk.
A systematic review was conducted including key research databases which were searched for relevant studies published before January 2021.