Biomechanical and musculoskeletal measurements as risk factors for running-related injury in non-elite runners: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies

Review written by Tom Goom info

Key Points

  1. This systematic review examined the relationship between biomechanical and musculoskeletal risk factors and running-related injury in non-elite runners.
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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE

Knowing what causes an injury may help us to prevent it. This is thought to be true in running-related injury (RRI) and has led to multiple studies examining risk factors. Despite this research we still don’t have a clear picture to base injury prevention or management on. Recent systematic reviews have found limited evidence to support a link between RRI and strength, control, flexibility, alignment, running biomechanics or training changes (1,2,3).

This systematic review aimed to evaluate biomechanical and musculoskeletal risk factors for RRI in non-elite adult runners and complete a meta-analysis.

Literature shows limited evidence to support a link between running-related injury and strength, control, flexibility, alignment, running biomechanics or training changes.
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Individual factors in isolation may show little relationship to running injury development, but multiple factors may interact to increase injury risk.

METHODS

A systematic review was conducted including key research databases which were searched for relevant studies published before January 2021.

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