Effects of multicomponent exercise on the muscle strength, muscle endurance and balance of frail older adults: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Review written by Dr Mariana Wingood info

Key Points

  1. Comparisons and specific recommendations for multicomponent exercises for older adults with frailty is limited.
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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE

Frailty is defined as a decline in reserve, resulting in increased vulnerability to stressors. Due to this increased vulnerability, individuals who are frail are at increased risk of experiencing falls, fractures, disability, and dementia (1). The prevalence of frailty and pre-frailty increases with age, with 51% of those 90 years and older being identified as frail (1). Due to recent evidence indicating the benefits of multicomponent exercises, there has been an increased focus of utilizing multicomponent exercise interventions to improve physical function among older adults who are frail (1). However, comparisons of the different multicomponent exercise interventions have been limited.

The aim of this paper was to explore the effects of multicomponent exercise on older adults who are frail and to provide a basis for future clinical practice and preventive healthcare.

Individuals who are frail are at increased risk of experiencing falls, fractures, disability, and dementia.
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Benefits of multicomponent exercise programs can be seen among individuals who only perform 25 minutes/session of exercises.

METHODS

Design: Systematic Review

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