Exercise for sarcopenia in older people: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

Review written by Dr Mariana Wingood info

Key Points

  1. Resistance training is an essential component of preventing, managing, and reversing Sarcopenia.
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The prevalence of Sarcopenia is growing, with current prevalences being 8-36% among those <60 years of age and from 10- 27% among those ≥60 years (1). Sarcopenia is associated with poor quality of life, falls, fractures, functional decline, disability, hospitalization, and mortality (2). Sarcopenia is a progressive loss of muscle mass and function, the diagnosis and definitions of Sarcopenia vary globally (1). However, one aspect of Sarcopenia that is agreed upon most, is the ability to utilize exercise and nutrition to prevent sarcopenia, manage sarcopenia, and even reverse Sarcopenia. Despite exercise being the fundamental intervention for sarcopenia, evidence for what the most effective type of exercise is, is conflicting.

The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of different exercise types for older adults with sarcopenia.

Sarcopenia current prevalence sits at being 8-36% among those <60 years of age and from 10- 27% among those ≥60 years.
Resistance training is the essential component of interventions that aim to improve quality of life and muscle strength.


Study Design and Inclusion: Systematic review and meta-analysis that included randomized controlled trials that examined the effectiveness of exercise interventions on patient-important outcomes (e.g. mortality, quality of life, muscle strength, and physical function measures) for older adults with sarcopenia, defined

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