Proprioceptive training to improve static and dynamic balance in elderly

Review written by Dr Mariana Wingood info

Key Points

  1. Proprioception is critical for maintaining balance, especially when the body receives limited to no visual input.
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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE

Proprioception is the body’s awareness of its position or movement in space, and it is a critical component of maintaining balance, particularly when the eyes are closed (1). Therefore, it is not surprising that multiple studies have identified the benefits of proprioceptive training (1-3). Proprioceptive training encompasses exercises for stability and coordination, stimulates motor learning, helps maintain body posture and balance, and improves body control (1).

This study aimed to assess the effects of a 12-week proprioceptive exercise program on static and dynamic balance among older adults who have a history of falling. The authors also analyzed the participants’ perceptions towards the activity performed and their fear of falling.

Multiple studies have identified the benefits of proprioceptive training.
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Proprioceptive exercises should be incorporated into an older adult’s home exercise program.

METHODS

  • Participants: 30 adults aged 60-80 years old (15 in the experimental group and 15 in the intervention group). The participants did not have any cognitive impairments or health problems that impacted their ability to cooperate or was associated with rapid
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