Pros and cons of using Artificial Intelligence Chatbots for musculoskeletal rehabilitation management

Review written by Dr Travis Pollen info

Key Points

  1. The impressive performance of AI chatbots (like ChatGPT) across a wide range of applications has raised questions and controversies in the musculoskeletal rehabilitation community.
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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE

Over the past year, artificial intelligence (AI) chatbots like ChatGPT, Microsoft Bing, and Google Bard have skyrocketed in popularity. These chatbots, which are based on large language models, work by predicting the most likely next word in a sequence. This process results in text outputs that are all but indistinguishable from human writing (1). In addition to writing, the AI chatbots have accomplished other impressive feats, like passing the United States Medical Licensing Exam (USMLE), for example (2).

The AI chatbots’ prowess across a wide range of applications has raised questions and controversies in the musculoskeletal (MSK) rehabilitation community. The authors of this viewpoint offered their perspective on the pros and cons of integrating AI chatbots into rehabilitation education, clinical practice, and research. This review will focus on the clinical practice applications.

Artificial chatbots such as ChatGPT, Microsoft Bing and Google Bard process results in text outputs that are all but indistinguishable from human writing.
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It is recommended that clinicians treat this new technology as an assistant, not a replacement, for critical thinking and recognize its limitations within the profession.

METHODS

The authors of this viewpoint explored applications and limitations of AI chatbots and recommended strategies for avoiding potential pitfalls when using them.

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