- Teaching strategies for self-management is not sufficient for long-term independence.
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE
Chronic musculoskeletal pain remains a leading cause of global disability. Self-treatment is encouraged to give people the ability to manage or eliminate their own symptoms. There are multiple tools available for teaching and promoting self-management including physical activity, pain education, lifestyle changes, and mindfulness activities. Techniques like pacing, reconceptualizing pain, stress mitigation, body awareness/control, and decreasing catastrophizing are included in many of these techniques across disciplines.
In the enthusiasm to promote self-efficacy and promote independence in managing pain, there is a push to teaching strategies (1). Strategies alone are insufficient, and this paper explored common impeding and facilitating factors of self-management from the patient perspective. The studies in this review included strategies used by patients and interventions that aided patients.
This review supports the need for establishing the skills and confidence of a person in their own care.
This paper involved electronic search of peer reviewed qualitative or mixed-method studies between 2009 and May 2020 on self-management of musculoskeletal pain. Studies were excluded for being only from the practitioner’s perspective. Studies were appraised with CASP (Critical Appraisal Skills