Family History of Pain and Risk of Musculoskeletal Pain in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Review written by Dr Bronwyn Thompson info

Key Points

  1. There is moderate quality evidence of increased odds of reporting musculoskeletal pain in children and adolescents of parents and siblings with musculoskeletal pain.
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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE

Pain is a multifactorial experience, and persistent pain poses problems around the world. Family influences are present in the way we express pain behaviour, and familial factors may be associated with the onset and maintenance of pain from childhood. This review and meta-analysis aimed to identify the estimates of the effect of a family history of pain on childhood musculoskeletal pain. The study also aimed to identify specific family factors that may influence how strongly this association holds.

Familial factors may be associated with the onset and maintenance of pain from childhood.
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We must emphasize messages about self-management and how simple strategies can reduce the risk of disability associated with pain.

METHODS

This was a systematic review carried out using the Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology procedure. The review was registered with PROSPERO.

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