- Pain-related fear and self-efficacy correlate with perceived arm function in patients with frozen shoulder.
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE
Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a relatively common condition that causes pain and stiffness in the glenohumeral joint. Beliefs related to pain are known to affect function in many musculoskeletal conditions, but what about in frozen shoulder? This study investigated associations between pain-related beliefs and arm function in patients with frozen shoulder.
Clinicians may be able to improve arm function in patients with frozen shoulder by helping to reduce pain-related fear and by increasing self-efficacy.
85 participants with frozen shoulder were given questionnaires to determine their pain intensity, arm function, pain catastrophizing, pain-related fear, and pain self-efficacy. Researchers used regression analysis to assess the degree to which differences in pain-related beliefs could explain differences in