Unilateral tests of lower-limb function as prognostic indicators of future knee-related outcomes following anterior cruciate ligament injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis of 13150 adolescents and adults
- Clinicians commonly use limb symmetry indices (LSIs) on hop tests to assess athletes’ readiness to return to sport after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury.
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE
To assess athletes’ readiness to return to sport (RTS) post-anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, clinicians commonly use limb symmetry indices (LSIs) on hop tests. However, the evidence for the associations between hop tests and outcomes is conflicting, both when hops tests are examined individually (1,2) and as part of larger test batteries (3,4).
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the association between hop tests (individually and as part of test batteries) and future knee-related outcomes post-ACL injury.
Clinicians should consider other established factors such as time, age, strength, and psychological recovery when appraising subsequent injury risk.
- This systematic review included a total of 42 studies comprising 13,150 participants.